Stemcelldoc's Weblog

May 5, 2012

Posterior Calf Pain: Medial Gastrocnemius Injury

At the Centeno-Schultz Clinic we acknowledge that there are many sources of posterior calf pain.  Meniscus injuries, osteochondral defects and ACL tears have been previously discussed as a cause of knee and posterior calf pain.  Stem cell therapy is an alternative to traditional knee surgery.

The gastrocnemius muscle is a large muscle in the posterior calf and is commonly injured in sport activities such as hill running, jumping and tennis.  The condition is sometimes referred to as tennis leg and is more common in men than woman.  Mechanism of injury is typically  an acute, forceful push-off with the foot.  An audible pop is often heard and is accompanied by pain in the calf with radiations into the ankle and restriction in range of motion.

The gastrocnemius muscle has two heads which originate respectively from the medial and lateral condyle.  The  two heads join and then merge with the soleus muscle-tendon complex to form the Achilles tendon.

The principle actions of the gastrocnemius muscle are ankle plantar flexion and knee flexion.

At the Centeno-Schultz Clinic MSK ultrasound is available within the office for evaluation of injuries.  Below is an ultrasound image of the posterior knee.

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